United States Congressional Redistricting, 2023-2033

Hello, all. This is an article concerning the decennial redistricting of the United States Congressional Districts, whose members make up the House of Representatives. This process involves all 50 states in the United States going through their own process to pass new congressional district boundaries in accordance with law. This redistricting must be done due to the results of the decennial census, and so redistricting occurs one to two years after the census takes place. The current redistricting cycle is taking place in 2021 and will continue through 2022 using 2020 US Census data so the districts may be ready for the 2022 midterms and legally go into effect in 2023.

This process can be lengthy and confusing, so here are a few guides: the US Census’s definition of congressional districts, the Brennan Center for Justice’s guide to redistricting in all 50 states, and the Loyola Law School’s All About Redistricting page.

To begin with, here is a map of the previous decade’s congressional districts as they are during the 117th Congress. Some states had further court-ordered redistricting since 2013, but I simplified here.

As of November 12, 2021, here is where redistricting for the United States House of Representatives stands. Six states (Alaska, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming) have at-large districts and so do not have a Congressional redistricting process. The other 44 will finish their processes by the 2022 midterm elections.

A timeline of redistricting, 2021-2022

September 27, 2021: Oregon Governor Kate Brown signs her state’s new districts into law, making Oregon the first state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

September 29, 2021: Maine Governor Janet Mills signs her state’s new districts into law, making Maine the second state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

September 30, 2021: Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts signs his state’s new districts into law, making Nebraska the third state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

October 4, 2021: Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb signs his state’s new districts into law, making Indiana the fourth state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

October 22, 2021: West Virginia Governor Jim Justice signs his state’s new districts into law, making West Virginia the fifth state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

October 25, 2021: Texas Governor Greg Abbott signs his state’s new districts into law, making Texas the sixth state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 1, 2021: The Colorado Supreme Court grants approval to the state’s new districts, making Colorado the seventh state to finish redistricting. Detailed Files of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 4, 2021: The North Carolina House and Senate approve a new congressional map which is not subject to Governor Roy Cooper. North Carolina is the eighth state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 4, 2021: Alabama Governor Kay Ivey signs her state’s new districts into law, making Alabama the ninth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Image of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 4, 2021: Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds signs her state’s new districts into law, making Iowa the tenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 12, 2021: The Montana Districting and Apportionment Commission approves a plan for the state’s new congressional districts, making Montana the eleventh state to finish redistricting. Detailed Online Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 12, 2021: Governor Spencer Cox of Utah signs his state’s new districts into law, making Utah the twelfth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Online Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 12, 2021: Idaho’s Commission for Reapportionment files its congressional plan with the Secretary of State, making Idaho the thirteenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Online Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 16, 2021: Nevada Governor Steve Sisolak signs his state’s new districts into law, making Nevada the fourteenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Online Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 20, 2021: Ohio Governor Mike DeWine signs his state’s new districts into law, making Ohio the fifteenth state to finish redistricting. However, due to Ohio redistricting law this map will only be in effect for the next four years. Detailed PDFs of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 22, 2021: Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker signs his state’s new districts into law, making Massachusetts the sixteenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Files of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 22, 2021: Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt signs his state’s new districts into law, making Oklahoma the seventeenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Files of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

November 22, 2021: Illinois Governor J. B. Pritzker signs his state’s new districts into law, making Illinois the eighteenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 9, 2021: Maryland’s Legislature overrides Governor Larry Hogan’s veto to pass the new districts into law, making Maryland the nineteenth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 17, 2021: New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham signs her state’s new districts into law, making New Mexico the twentieth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 22, 2021: Arizona’s Independent Redistricting Commission approves a plan for the state’s congressional districts, making Arizona the twenty-first state to finish redistricting. Detailed Files and Maps of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 22, 2021: New Jersey’s redistricting process finishes behind closed doors as tiebreaker New Jersey Supreme Court Justice John Wallace chooses the Democratic delegation’s map, making New Jersey the twenty-second state to finish redistricting. Detailed PDF Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 26, 2021: California’s Independent Redistricting Commission approves a plan for the state’s congressional districts, making California the twenty-third state to finish redistricting. Detailed Files of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 28, 2021: Michigan’s Independent Redistricting Commission approves a plan for the state’s congressional districts, making Michigan the twenty-fourth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 28, 2021: Virginia’s Supreme Court approves and adopts a plan for the state’s congressional districts, making Virginia the twenty-fifth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

December 30, 2021: Georgia Governor Brian Kemp signs his state’s new districts into law, making Georgia the twenty-sixth state to finish redistricting. Detailed Maps of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

January 14, 2022: The Ohio Supreme Court strikes down Ohio’s Congressional Map, removing Ohio’s new districts and forcing the Redistricting Commission to reconvene and draw new maps.

January 14, 2022: Arkansas’s unsigned congressional districts go into effect, making Arkansas the twenty-seventh state to finish redistricting. Though, with Ohio’s maps rescinded, Arkansas is the twenty-sixth state to have its maps finalized. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

January 20, 2022: Kentucky’s legislature overrides Governor Beshear’s veto, making Kentucky the twenty-eighth state to finish its redistricting, though the twenty-seventh to be finalized after Ohio’s was vetoed. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

January 24, 2022: Mississippi Governor Tate Reeves signs his state’s new districts into law, making Mississippi the twenty-ninth state to finish its redistricting, though the twenty-eighth to be finalzed after Ohio’s was vetoed. Detailed Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

January 24, 2022: A federal court strikes down Alabama’s Congressional Map, removing Alabama’s new districts and taking over the map drawing process.

January 27, 2022: South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster signs his state’s new districts into law, making South Carolina the thirtieth state to finish its redistricting, though the twenty-eighth to be finalized after Ohio’s and Alabama’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

January 28, 2022: The Hawaii Reapportionment Commission votes to approve the state’s new districts, making Hawaii the thrity-first state to finish its redistricting, though the twenty-ninth to be finalized after Ohio’s and Alabama’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 3, 2022: New York Governor Kathy Hochul signs her state’s new districts into law, making New York the thrity-second state to finish its redistricting, though the thirtieth to be finalized after Ohio’s and Alabama’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 4, 2022: North Carolina’s supreme court strikes down North Carolina’s Congressional Map, removing North Carolina’s new districts and demanding the North Carolina legislature draw new maps.

February 7, 2022: Tennessee Governor Bill Lee signs his state’s new districts into law, making Tennessee the thirty-third state to finish its redistricting, though the thirtieth to be finalized after Ohio’s, North Carolina’s, and Alabama’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 7, 2022: The Supreme Court of the United States reverses the lower court decision to strike down Alabama’s Congressional Map, restoring the Republican-passed map.

February 8, 2022: The Washington legislature approves minor changes made to the redistricting commission’s plan with a 2/3 vote and thus making them law, making Washington the thirty-fourth state to finish its redistricting, though the thirty-second to be finalized after Ohio’s and North Carolina’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 9, 2022: The Kansas legislature overrides Governor Laura Kelly’s veto, making Kansas the thirty-fifth state to finish its redistricting, though the thirty-third to be finalized after Ohio’s and North Carolina’s were ruled against in court. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 10, 2022: The Connecticut Supreme Court approves the special master’s congressional plan, making Connecticut the thirty-sixth state to finish its redistricting, though the thirty-fourth to be finalized after Ohio’s and North Carolina’s were ruled against in court. Detailed Town Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 15, 2022: The Wattson Redistricting Panel passes its final redistricting plans for Minnesota, making Minnesota the thirty-seventh state to finish its redistricting, though the thirty-fifth to be finalized after Ohio’s and North Carolina’s were ruled against in court. Detailed PDF of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

February 18, 2022: Rhode Island Governor Daniel McKee signs his state’s new districts into law, making Rhode Island the thirty-eighth state to finish its redistricting, though the thirty-sixth to be finalized after Ohio’s and North Carolina’s were ruled against in court. Interactive Map of Districts | District Partisanship (via FiveThirtyEight)

This article will continue to update throughout the Congressional Redistricting process until all states are finished. In the meantime, you can check out this guide from DailyKos on the process of congressional and legislative redistricting in every state and follow The Redistrict Network on Twitter for updates from every state.